December 25, 2015

Merry Christmas from the Oshawa Community Museum and Archives! Whether you’re celebrating the birth of Jesus, the arrival of Santa, the latest blockbuster movie from Hollywood, or just spending time with family and friends, we wish you and yours a wonderful day.

Historically, what has taken place on December 25?

On this day (from Wikipedia):

  • 336 – First documentary sign of Christmas celebration in Rome.
  • 800 – The Coronation of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor, in Rome.
  • 1000 – The foundation of the Kingdom of Hungary:
  • 1066 – William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy is crowned king of England, at Westminster Abbey, London.
  • 1100 – Baldwin of Boulogne is crowned the first King of Jerusalem in the Church of the Nativity.
  • 1492 – Carrack Santa María captained by Christopher Columbus runs onto reefs off Haiti due to a proper watch not being kept. Local natives help to save food, armory and ammunition but not the ship.
  • 1643 – Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean found and named by Captain William Mynors of the English East India Company vessel, the Royal Mary.
  • 1776 – George Washington and the Continental Army cross the Delaware River at night to attack Hessian forces serving Great Britain at Trenton, New Jersey, the next day.
  • 1809 – Dr. Ephraim McDowell performs the first ovariotomy, removing a 22-pound tumor.
  • 1868 – United States President Andrew Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all Civil War Confederate soldiers.
  • 1914 – A series of unofficial truces occur across the Western Front to celebrate Christmas (more on this tomorrow! Check back!)
  • 1941 – Admiral Chester W. Nimitz arrives at Pearl Harbor to assume command of the U.S. Pacific Fleet
  • 1941 – World War II: Battle of Hong Kong ends, beginning the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong.
  • 1950 – The Stone of Scone, traditional coronation stone of British monarchs, is taken from Westminster Abbey by Scottish nationalist students. It later turns up in Scotland on April 11, 1951.
  • 1965 – The Yemeni Nasserist Unionist People’s Organisation is founded in Ta’izz
  • 1968 – Apollo program: Apollo 8 performs the very first successful Trans-Earth injection (TEI) maneuver, sending the crew and spacecraft on a trajectory back to Earth from Lunar orbit.
  • 1974 – Marshall Fields drives a vehicle through the gates of the White House, resulting in a four-hour standoff.
  • 1991 – Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as General Secretary of the Soviet Union (the union itself is dissolved the next day). Ukraine’s referendum is finalized and Ukraine officially leaves the Soviet Union.
  • 2004 – Cassini orbiter releases Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan on January 14, 2005.
Postcard from the Oshawa Community Archives Collection

Postcard from the Oshawa Community Archives Collection

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